Case Study – Response 1

- Natural emergency in X has led to the displacement of approximately 200.000 individuals from their villages.
- These individuals are now living in approximately 150 temporary UN-run camps.
- Three weeks have already passed.
- Access to 10 social workers who have limited experience with children issues.

- We wish to identify:
1. The risks of sexual violence faced by boys and girls in the temporary UN-run camps.
2. Ways in which we can use the existing resources to in response to sexual violence against children

- Our research questions are:
1. What are the specific risks of sexual violence for children since the crisis?
2. What are the risks of other forms of gender based violence for children?
3. How does the community response to sexual violence against children?
4. What kind of essential sexual violence response services are available for children?
- Since three weeks have already passed, we imagined that the government and humanitarian organizations have conducted a simple
assessment. Again, we imagined sexual violence against children as a major problem faced by the children since the crisis.
- We realized the importance to conduct a comprehensive assessment to identify different risks faced by children in the aftermath of the
crisis. However, we also believed the necessity to raise a specific question in the first phase of the assessment to push a rapid

Unit of Measurement
- We selected members of community who reside in camps as our unit of measurement, because we wish to identify problems faced by
the community.
- However, we realized that community is not the only level of measurement. Therefore, we will complement the community assessment
with the individual assessment.

- We chose purposive sampling as our method and these following areas as our sampling:
3 sites from camps with difficult access, because of different reasons, such as areas highly affected by the disaster, located in the
remote areas or because of the broken bridge.
1 site from camps with easy access
- We assumed that the risks of sexual violence against children are higher in camps with difficult access. However, we believed the
importance to compare the assessment on those camps with assessment on camps with easy access.

- Desk review to collect information that have already existed.
- While FGD is not generally encouraged in this phase, we decided to apply Participatory Rank Method to minimize the limitations of
conducting a common FGD.
- PRM will be used alongside key informant interviews and survey on households.
- The PRM participants are:
1. Community leaders: women’s leaders, religious leaders, youth leaders, etcCommunity workers: teachers, health workers, et
2. Care givers: mothers, fathers, other care givers
- We will choose the key informants based on the information gathered from the PRA. We will try not to involve children as far as we
could. However, we will consider to choose a few children as our key informants, after assessing the social worker’s capability and their
commitment to work with the children in the long term.

- Data validation is facilitated through triangulation.
- The data are triangulated by comparing the information provided by the different informants and as well as collected through different observation tools.

- The analysis will be lead by a team leader
- The descriptive analysis is used to analyze the households survey and PRM
- The qualitative data from interviews is used to enrich the statistical analysis
- A mini workshop will be organized to disseminate the main findings and their significance.
- The audience of the mini workshop will include donors, the government, senior management of agencies and other stakeholders.

We constructed a weekly plan of our assessment in the following table:
Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
Week 4
Preparing the assessment
(2 week after the disaster aro
- Refine what
need to know
- Conduct
- Develop
- Contact key
- Define urgent
Reviewing and and adapting the data collection and analysis tools (2 week after the disaster arose)
- Adapt
Training of Assessment Teams (starts on the 3’rd week after the disaster arose, when we are given the permission to conduct the assessment
- Train


Data collection management
- Deploy team
the field
- Supervise
field work
- Collect field reports
- Clean the
- enter the
- The assessment will take three weeks, starts when we are given the permission to conduct the assessment.
- The preparation phase and the desk reviews are conducted on the 2nd weeks after the disaster arose, before we are given the
permission to conduct the assessment.
- Since we have three social workers and 4 areas to assess, we will divide the assessors in two groups.
- We designed the assessment to be lead by a team leader who is an expert in this area. We will also select two experts in the area of
child protection as supervisors for the assessors.
- The supervisors will clean and enter the data.
- The team leader will analysis the data, based on the inputs from the supervisors.