Indonesia1_CaseStudy1: Assessment

Displacement of 200,000 individuals from their villages, living in 150 temporary UN-run camps in town and a few nearby villages.
Resources: 10 local social workers with limited experience with child protection issues
Explain plans and process for collecting assessment data for child protection response to emergency.

Plans and process to assessment
Why and How the choice is superior to other options
Unit of Measurement
Camp as a community
The displaced population is within camp settings that has an exact definition.

Who to sample

What areas to target
Purposive Sampling Method

People working closely with children: teachers, community caregivers (if available), caregivers.

Areas to target are categorized into: A. Camps in town and B. Camps in village.
Due to limited resources, the areas to target will be prioritized based on areas that are severely affected.
Random Sampling is too expensive and time consuming to conduct.

Children working closely w/children know best about the condition of the children before/after the disaster.

Why 2 categories? Because the camps condition in town may be different than that of the camps in village.
We prioritized to severely affected areas because there are high possibilities that severely affected areas have more casualties, more displaced population, and more separation of children, which may lead to higher risk incidents for children.
Primary objective/research question
Assess the risk of sexual violence in children.
Based on disasters that have happened in other countries, children are at high risk for sexual violence even in organized camps sites.
Assessment methodology
Refine and adapt WWNK
Conduct Desk Review

Key Informant Interview
We can learn based on what we already know and from secondary information (during the desk review) instead of starting from 0, which will save us time and resources.

KII will allow us to get a more in depth/accurate set of data from knowledgeable resources/informant.

Plans and process to assessment
Why and How the choice is superior to other options
Triangulation through Direct Observation:
Triangulation during data collection and after data has been compiled.
Triangulation through direct observation is the fastest and most effective way, especially if we collect information from a small sample (due to limited time and resources).
Who lead the data analysis

Method used in data analysis
Supervisor leads the data analysis, if MI is available, an MI should accompany the analysis process.

Descriptive analysis: frequency, cross tabulation.
Supervisor has more advanced child protection knowledge and assessment skills. In addition, we also assume that the human resource available have limited skills.

Descriptive analysis is one of the least complicated methods of analysis.
Who is responsible for collecting which types of data

How data is collected and transferred for analysis

How the information be shared and with whom

Timeline for training
Supervisors, as the field leaders, are responsible to collect the different types of data. For our exercise, we appointed 2 supervisors: Supervisor Camp in Town and Supervisor Camp in Village. Each supervisor is accompanied by 4 assessors.

Data is collected from one site at a time in a sweeping manner.

Data is collected by hand, using tally sheets and summary tables.
Data is transferred via fax.

Senior management of agencies, humanitarian actors, government, CPWG members.

2 days
Supervisor assigns assessors to collect different sets of data, therefore supervisors are the ones responsible for the result of data collections.

This method ensures the supervisor to transmit the site report of each completed site to data entry team.

We assume that we have limited technology resources, therefore we do not want the data collection process to depend on the availability of computers in the field. It is always safer to assume the worst so that we can be more prepared. We choose fax instead of e-mails because we do not know how reliable internet services are in emergency situations.

We need to get as much support from related parties to the issues being raised.

We assume local social workers have very limited knowledge so we have to train not only on children protection topics but also on ethical considerations as well as the technicalities of assessment process.

Plans and process to assessment
Why and How the choice is superior to other options

Timeline for assessment

General day-to-day plan

Timeline for analysis

Analysis method
3 days

After training is completed, during assessment period:
Start with quick Daily Briefing Session on the day’s tasks breakdowns.
· Visit sites, supervise fieldwork, and perform Direct Observation for triangulation.
· Provide technical and logistical support to teams.
· Collect field reports, clean and enter data
· Ends with debriefing (see page 11, A short Guide to CPRA)

6 days, which includes data analysis, interpretation and report writing.

Descriptive analysis: frequency, cross tabulation. Perform triangulation after data is compiled to ensure accuracy.
It would be nice to have longer assessment period, but due to the nature of the issues, we want to make sure we act fast enough to save and protect the children.
In addition, since 3 weeks have passed, we want to capture as much info before the displaced individuals move back to their village or move away to another

We add “start with daily briefing” to make sure that each team member knows what they need to do and have all the required tools.

Descriptive analysis is one of the least complicated methods of analysis.