Psychosocial Intervention for Children in Emergency Situation
Assessment of the Situation of the Children

By Indonesia Group 4
(Wahyu, Rama, Eriando)
1. Resilience
Resilience is one of some core concept in psychosocial intervention. Basically resilience is ability to meet and adapt to hardship – to bounce back. Resilience can be seen either as a state and process: (1) A state - the resilient personality and (2) As a process - adaptive balance between risk and protective factors.

A risk factor is usually defined as a factor that increases the likelihood of a future negative outcome for a child. A protective factor is a variable that decreases such a probability (Durlak, 1998). Protective factors are those variables that buffer against the effects of risk factors.
Example of Risk and Protective Factors

Risk Factors
Protective Factors
Birth injury/disability, poor social skill
Social skills, attachment to family, good problem-solving skills
Poverty, low social - economical status, abuse and violence
Stable environment and home, warm and attentive parents, support from extended family
High student/teacher ratio, insufficient curricular, less availability of teacher
Positive school climate, sense of belonging, adequate curricula and school facilities
High levels of disorganization, few adults to monitor children behavior, high crime rate
Supportive environment, adult supervision to children activities

2. Assessment Note
The assessment should be covered the targeted beneficiaries with their related micro, mezzo, and macro system. For example, if we are targeted children in psychosocial intervention program, we should involve their parents/family, their school or community.
We can use both qualitative and quantitative approach in this assessment, if we have enough resources and time. It depends on the situation. Qualitative: observation, key informant interview, participatory method, or focus group discussion. Quantitative: survey questionnaire or checklist.
Assure findings are culturally sensitive:
In assessment, since we are ‘stranger’ from outside we should involved local community or beneficiaries in the process. We should hear, explore, and find their local wisdom or tradition that can be used as protective factor that support recovery process.