Group assignment 02 –Rashika ,Shanika ,Tissa ,Aruna

1. What preparation for the family and for the children will be necessary for this reunification to take place successfully?

Hopefully, when a separated child is claimed and verification is complete, the child can be returned to his or her family in a short time. Most reunions are joyful times for those involved and there is little question as to the benefit of such an event. However, children should always be prepared before reunification, particularly if the separation has been lengthy. Also, further exploration is needed if SC staff has concerns, the child expresses concerns, or the family is uncertain about accepting the child.
If the separation has been a long one, there may be a need for counseling and support to help the family integrate the child into their midst and adjust to the new situation .Each reunification should be made according to the needs and experience of the child and family.
-An interview of the aunt needs to take place to determine how willing she is to be reunified first with Emile and Jean-Claude, then with Pascal, and to care for them. If the aunt states that she is willing to take them in, the assessment does not stop there.
- To verify the willingness and the ability of the family to care for the child as well as to verify that claim was not made based on incentives or material gains; home visits might be needed

- Since the family was separated during conflict and possibly did not have legal documents handy, it is necessary to document verification method or to use form for record in case the claim is contested in the future.

-Further investigation, including making home visits, should be completed to ensure that her true motivations are genuine, and not for financial or material gains. Though she may be more than willing to care for the boys, she may have limited means to do so since she already is caring for their sisters. Being very sick, her health is also a concern. Therefore, assessing what support system she has, both within her home and in the community, would be helpful in determining how appropriate and successful this reunion will be. Home visits will also be helpful to further evaluate any reports of child maltreatment or drug or alcohol use in the home. Considering what the children’s wishes are regarding reunification with the aunt is vital in determining whether placement with her is appropriate and in their best interests, though this may be difficult to assess for Pascal due to his young age. Finally, if the children formed relationships with any temporary caregivers while being separated from their family, careful attention needs to be given to ensure that reunification with their aunt goes smoothly and is not more traumatic by having to sever ties with these caregivers.

2. What key elements should be included in the actual re-unification of the family with the children?

Arrangements for how the reunification will take place, including the location and time, should be considered ahead of time. Assistance such as food, clothing, healthcare, schooling, and a source of income should be provided to the aunt to ensure that she can adequately support the children. The children may need counseling or further support in transitioning from the difficult time of being separated to adjusting to their new family unit.

Some cultures may have pre-existing rituals for reintegrating people into the community (for example, a community where individuals commonly migrate to find work and return during holidays may have special procedures for welcoming home family members). If this is the case for Jean-laude’s community, the re-unification process may want to build on/facilitate these traditions to ensure that the children are reintegrated into society in a cultural appropriate way.

3. Follow up required for the children and their family:

• Follow-up visits should be made to the family for a time after the reunion to make sure
all is going well, both emotionally and in the material support of the child.
Cases that may require special attention include those where:
• The relationship of the adults and the child is distant;
• The child has formed a strong attachment to his/her caregivers;
• The child is not old enough to express his/her wishes about the reunion;
In these cases, additional time may be needed to allow for visits between family and
child, adjustments for re-integration into the family or a chance for child to bond with the
new family.
- Follow up visits should be conducted to check that children have settled back in happily with their family. This can also be done by local community based or government organisation.

- In addition to home visits, observation should also be done by interviewing neighbors as well as family members.

- As Jean Claude’s aunt will definitely needs support to keep the family together, strategy to ensure that reunification is lasting should be done as part of programming.

- To linkage the Jean Claude family’s with social support in community for longer term support in future and provide temporary assistance in economic- empowerment programme for the family until they can support themselves.

We assume that tracing for the missing parents would continue after the children’s reunification with their aunt. The follow-up should include updates about the tracing efforts. Steps should be taken at the very beginning of the reunification process, during the preparation phase, to encourage the aunt/children to anticipate what decisions the aunt/children will make with regards to transferring caretakers if/when the parents are eventually found. This conversation is particularly important in this situation as Emile and Pascal are at crucial developmental stages in their lives and may be especially susceptible to psychosocial distress due to changes in their caretaking environment

Community involvement is key to successful reunification and reintegration, particularly after long separations. Existing structures, including formal social welfare systems, play an important role in long-term support and monitoring of the reunification. When support is provided to the reunified family, it is also important to consider how support may be provided to the community at large in order to facilitate reintegration