What steps will you take to ensure better outcomes for the children in this community?

First, we want to address the low school attendance, especially for the girls. Because returnee families only eat 1-2 meals per day, a possible way to encourage school attendance would be to serve lunch or breakfast at school. However, families are also relying on their children to earn money and provide economically for the family. Another way to draw children and youth back into schools would be through a conditional cash transfer based on attendance. This could take the pressure off of the children to contribute economically to their households, and allow them to "earn" money for their families by attending school.
Perhaps by involving youth in the design of their programs, we could see a higher involvement/sense of ownership and better image in the community. Possible programming could include projects surrounding reproductive health (addressing the high rates of teen pregnancy and fear of GBV), as well as keeping youth out of gangs. Because focus groups of girls and boys also identified livelihoods assistance as priorities, and most adolescents are already economically active, youth-designed programs may include learning employment or entrepreneurial skills, etc.
We would also ensure that these programs do not put the returnee youth at greater risk of discrimination and violence in the community. We would involve the non-returnee population as well, for example providing meals to all students who attend school to avoid stigma or violence. Non-returnee youth could also be involved in youth-designed programming. That way, the groups could learn more about each other and diffuse some of the tension between the communities.

What specific approaches will you take to address the needs of the various groups?

The first priority would be education for adolescents and youth (10-24), which was already discussed above.
We would coordinate between the 6 INGOs working with the donor. We could determine which INGOs are best suited to work with specific groups (depending on their mission, resources, etc), and ensure that all of the groups are benefiting from some type of assistance. We could also avoid duplicating programs for target groups and collaborate where necessary.
We would like to provide Microfinance to the adult women, with which they can grow or start a small business. For example, by giving them a cow, they sell milk, and then with that income, they can start business in knitting, etc. In certain communities, women tend to be more reliable with saving money.
We would like to provide a program to teach returnee adult men the requisite skills regarding how to use timber and mineral resources how to till the plentiful farmland, etc. This would lead to employment opportunities, providing the men with a sense of purpose and ability to provide for their family. If men are able to feel like breadwinners again in this gender-stratified society, this may lessen women’s fear of GBV in the home.
We would like to provide to younger girls separate bathrooms in education facilities, as well as protection in school and en route. This may make them more likely to complete their education since returnee women and girls are afraid of GBV. We could also provide reproductive health services through school, including the provision of sanitary napkins and condoms, since there is a concern with the high rate of teen pregnancy.

Actors to Incorporate

The groups which have received the funding should work with each other to identify what their programmatic areas are, and if possible avoid repetition of programmatic areas.

Education Sector: The NGOs should work with the local ministry of education to see if they can incorporate any existing skills training curriculum that is approved for local use, or already translated. Any new programs should incorporate skills training for the returnees, since they have low to no education. Skills training will enable those who are not in school to increase their productive capacity e.g. in agricultural scenarios. For those who are not in school, the six NGOs should find ways to have school instruction available on the weekends and in the evenings when those children are not working.

Market development: The NGOs should help the returnees with economic strengthening. Any initiatives should base program design on sound market analysis. For example, there should also be the creation of better markets in the area so that those who take up farming can adequately sell their goods and increase their livelihoods. This includes research on the market for timber resources, ensuring sustainability of programming. This may mean coordination with the government or others already active in the local markets and economies.

As mentioned above, we would also want to ensure participation of the non-returnee community, so as not to cause further discrimination or violence between the groups.

Measurement of Success

The group can prove that their programs are working by creation of interventions for sustainability and scalability, such that the pilot programs are well suited to scaling up and longevity for the community. The returnees may have acute needs now, however, NGOs may be able to address their long-term needs as well.

Identify robust indicators to effectively track performance and outcomes. If the programs are for social assistance, the NGOs should keep regular records, and assess the utility of the program for the returnees. If the program is not yet tested in the region, which they are introducing it, there should be a pilot program, which has adequate pretest and posttest requirements. Indicators may include the number of students consistently attending school (segregated for gender, age, etc), reports of GBV in the community, the community’s perceived image of youth, the prevalence of violence and discrimination between returnees and non-returnees, number of girls working as domestic servants for other families, rates of teen pregnancy, etc. We could also hold focus group discussions after the programs have been in place for a while, to see how each group feels the programming has addressed their need for livelihoods assistance.