We do not expect to be able to assess all 150 UN-run camps with our limited human resources. Our goal would be to focus on 50 camps. Our 10 available social workers would be split into 5 teams of 2. Each team would be responsible for assessing 10 sites. For each site, teams would conduct 3-5 key informant interviews (KIIs), as well as one direct observation assessment (DOA). This approach would generate 30-50 KIIs and 10 DOAs per team, or 150-250 KIIs and 50 DOAs in total.

“Community” is the recommended unit of measurement for a child protection rapid assessment (CPRA). In this scenario, each camp would be considered a “community,” and thus a UN-camp would be our unit of measurement.

We would use “purposive” sampling to choose camps as per reading recommendations, and our sample selection would take several camp characteristics into consideration. As camps are located in town and in villages, our sample would want to incorporate camps from both environments to see whether camp location influences CP concerns. Since place-of-origin of displaced persons have
been registered, we know in which camps people from heavily affected versus non-heavily affected regions are concentrated. Our sample would include camps with a large percentage of people from heavily affected regions, as well as camps with non-heavily affected populations in order to compare assessment needs. Lastly, it is possible that certain minority groups (ethnic/religious/etc.) have been
affected more than others. If known, we would want to include camps that may be dominated by certain ethnic/religious groups in order to assess whether ethnicity/religion is a factor in CP.

Our objectives during the assessment period are to analyze the current state of children and to identify aspects of risk and resilience that may influence instances of child exploitation, abuse, and neglect. We want to make sure that our specific assessment questions are feasible and functional, in order to avoid an excess of superfluous data. Questions would thus focus around children’s past
and present roles, the current level of care for children, type/severity/nature of violence towards children, nature/extent of environmental hazards for children, and the nature/availability of protective resources for children or coping mechanisms within the community.

A desk review should be conducted by someone with research expertise prior to the KIIs and DOAs, and the research findings shared with the social workers. As previously noted, teams will conduct 3-5 KIIs per site. The key informants should be those individuals most knowledgeable about child protection concerns. The goal would be include at least 1 camp leader (political/religious/ethnic) and
2 individuals who work directly with children (teacher/”safe space” worker/counselor). Both male and female informants would be included. Apart from KIIs, each team would conduct a DOA. The DOA would include child protection concerns for the team to specifically “look for” through Structured Observation, as well as a free-space for teams to generally record what is “looked at” through Unstructured Observation.

Validity of the findings will be ensured through the process of triangulation. The information obtained through the multiple interviews conducted with key informants, as well as that gathered from DOAs will be compared against each other, thus increasing the validity of the findings.

The field-team leader / supervisor will lead the data analysis. The information obtained from the 3-5 KIIs and DOA conducted per site by the SWs will be compiled into a site report, which will also include a copy of all the tools used (e.g., KII questionnaire, DO checklist, etc.). These site reports will allow for site-base analyses to occur. Multiple choice or open-ended questions can be used when conducting KIIs. In order to obtain the most valuable information and not limit the answer options of those being interviewed, open-ended questions will be used by the SWs during this assessment. The field-team supervisor will then analyze the data and separate the data into various categories.

Trained SWs will conduct KIIs and DOAs by using the KII and DO sample tools as guides. These tools are meant to serve as guides only and allow for adjustments to be made that are specific to the site or in the event that extra information not captured by the tool is mentioned by key informants. The information gleaned from these tools will be reported back to the field-team supervisor on a daily basis during the daily assessment debriefings. Prior to going out into the field to begin the assessment process, the entire group will determine what situations constitute an urgent action case, which may warrant immediate attention and intervention. Such cases can then be identified during the daily assessment debriefings led by the field-team supervisor, with inconsistencies from the available data triangulated, and issues requiring urgent follow-up or advocacy will be acted upon. Camp leaders will be informed of specific issues if necessary.

The SWs will undergo a 3-day training session, orienting them on child protection issues, the process of conducting KIIs and DOAs, and giving them time to practice on each other and receive feedback. The assessment process should be completed over the next 2-3 weeks. Each day, the 5 teams of SW pairs will respond to their designated sites to conduct key interviews or data observation and will report their findings to the field-team leader or supervisor at the conclusion of the day during a debriefing session. Though less time may be needed, if the key interviews are completed in one day and the direct observation on a second, each team should have all their data gathered from their 10 sites in at most 20 days (3 weeks). Compilation of the data will be ongoing during this time, with continuous triangulation of data and revision of KII questions as needed during the daily debriefing sessions. Analysis of the site reports by the supervisor can be completed in one more week, in which the child protection concerns of each site are identified. Therefore, the entire assessment project will be completed in approximately one month.