Case Study: Livelihoods and Child ProtectionGroup 5
Case Study: Livelihoods and Child Protection

Potential steps to ensure better outcomes for the adolescents and youth that make up nearly half of the entire population of Papua Koala:
1. Education: work to ensure consistent school attendance, especially for girls in the community.
a. Cash Incentives for families that send their daughters to school
2. Vocational Training: this applies to both girls and boys, with a heavy emphasis on agriculture and home-based piecework
3. Guarantee students a free meal at school: this will not only encourage attendance, but will also work to better the community’s nutrition
4. Purchase technologically advanced agricultural tools: effectiveness and efficiency, this will lead to increased productivity as well as build morale
5. Systems Approach:
a. Economic structure: invert the current structure so that the producers see financial incentives/receive cash payments instead of systematically rewarding consumers
i. Work directly with the factories in order to train and build skill sets of locals and returnees in the community.
b. Women’s Empowerment and Economic Independence: encourage female co-ops and establish micro-finance in the community
i. Provide reproductive health training and healthcare programs specific to women in order to tackle the issue of teen pregnancy.
6. Community Center: build a community center for adolescents and youth
a. Not only will this create a safe space where youth can escape the constant threat of gender-based violence and gang activity, but this space can also be used as a vocational training facility and food distribution center.

1. PRM and group discussions: It is necessary to converse with the local youth in order to build programs that will serve their interests and tackle their specific needs.
a. Questions to ask:
i. What local leaders and/or community representatives should be involved in these discussions?
ii. How can females in the community feel safe in these discussions? Would it be more effective to meet individually with girls (separate from their male peers)?
iii. What particular issues will returnees face? What level of psychosocial support is needed and are there experts willing to serve these needs?
2. Although the grants were awarded to six International NGOs, it is necessary to engage with local and national organizations that may be able to provide key insights and personal suggestions concerning the community.
3. Desk Review: After twenty years of intense civil war, it is absolutely critical to understand the infrastructure disruption, economic deterioration, and community relations between the 10,000 returnees and the 30,000 locals in Papua Koala.
4. Collect Data: Little data currently exists, and therefore, targeting the needs of the community is nearly impossible.

[1] Source: Global Protection Cluster. 2011. “Draft Child Protection Rapid Assessment Toolkit