USA Group 7 - Child Protection Stand-Alone Assessment

Unit of measurement: The community level will be the unit of measurement. Although it would be desirable to supplement our data collection with data collected on a household level, as that can shed light on issues that might not be raised when group dynamic is present, we will focus on the community level given time and resource constraints.

Sampling: Purposive sampling will be used in order to facilitate rapid assessment. We will assess camps that are both in the town and the nearby villages as the proximity to the town might make a difference in terms of their needs. The sample will be based on the following criteria: ethnic/group differences, heightened vulnerability (including gender) and exposure to the natural emergency. These criteria will be used in order to reach a relatively comprehensive understanding of the situation, despite limited resources. This sampling methodology will provide a sense of scale and diversity of the population, while helping to determine priorities. Site selection will be based on the above mentioned criteria. For each criterion, three sites will be selected that reflect the differences within the population.

Objectives: The objectives of our assessment will be based on the WWNKs. The themes that emerge from the WWNKs are (1) separated children (2) violence against children (3) child soldiers (4) sexual violence (5) child labor and (6) stress and coping. These themes along with input from local and international stakeholders will guide our refinement of the WWNKs to achieve targeted objectives that address crucial areas of need.

The following three methods will be used to assess child protection within the camps: a desk review, key informant interviews and participatory ranking methodology (PRM). By drawing local and global memory, the desk review will inform the objectives of the assessment as well as the guide the assessment process. Key informant interviews (KII) will be used to gather information across multiple sectors. Health workers, teachers and caregivers will be interviewed as a means of assessing child protection. The feedback from the KIIs and the desk review will guide the questions asked during the PRM. The PRM will be done with community members to aid in assessing child protection from a local standpoint and to check coherence with the information gathered during the KIIs and desk review.

The 10 social workers involved in this assessment will be trained and monitored in PRM and interviewing in order to ensure that this assessment is guided by the principles of “Do No Harm” and “Best Interest of the Child”. Together these three assessment tools will enable a rapid assessment in spite of having limited resources, and the mix-methods approach will allow for triangulation to safeguard the integrity and validity of the data.

Analysis: The principal investigator and the IM (information management) specialist will lead the data analysis process with the input from the social workers who collected the data. The social workers will be involved in the analysis in order to provide critical contextual insight throughout the data analysis process.

Coordination: Daily meetings before and after each collection day will take place that involve the CP team (the principle investigator, 2 supervisors, the information management specialist and 10 social workers). The social workers conducting the assessment have been assigned a supervisor to guide them through the assessment process because of their lack of field experience (1 supervisor per 5 social workers). This supervisor will provide field support to his/her team as well as check the validity of their teams data throughout the collection process. Additionally, the CP team lead will check-in within agency, across-agency and across clusters to ensure transparency and optimize coordination and information sharing. Information sharing is key in order to reduce the burden on the affected population, which is caused by having to many assessment teams gathering information. Assessments provide important information both in current and future emergencies (old assessment can be used in the desk review to give an overview of the disaster before one is out in the field). Hence, information sharing should definitely extend across agencies. After the primary assessment has taken place, the findings will be disseminated via the Internet and/or databases in order to ensure that the information is accessible.

Timeline: There will be three phases to the assessment: training of the CP team, data collection and analyzing and dissemination the results . Training will take place immediately and will revolve around preparing the social workers to conduct KIIs and PRM. The training phase will take place in the first week. By the end of the first week the sampling will be defined and KI will have been selected. The desk review will begin during the first week. KIIs and PRM will begin at the beginning of the second week and will continue for 2 weeks. Data will be analyzed as it is collected in order to avoid over saturation and expedite results. Analyzing and interpreting the data, as well as disseminating the results will take place in the final phase of assessment (week 4 and 5). A comprehensive report will be completed by the end of the fourth week.

First week: training and desk review
Second week: data collection
Third week: data collection and analysis
Fourth week: analysis and report competed