Assignment 3 – Livelihoods and Child Protection

· Since the donor has awarded the grant to 6 I/NGOs to conduct livelihood programmes in the PK community, we will coordinate with the other 5 organizations, and reach an agreement with regards to the target groups. Thereby, 1 origination does not have to undertake responsibility for the entire community, and simultaneously refrain from doing harm by creating conflicts and inequalities among different groups.
· The following project plan is based on the assumption that our organization has undertaken to work with X% of the returnee (men, women, girls and boys) as we have the expertise to work with these groups. The community will select the neediest to be benefited by the programme.
· We will first do a comprehensive baseline study in the community, together with the other 5 I/NGOs supported by the donor, to identify the community needs. This will be the basis for the final impact assessment as well.


Income Growth:
· Since the community is still going through the recovery phase after the end of the war, they won’t be able to engage in Income Generating Activities (IGAs) immediately. They are idle, do not have the requisite skills or job opportunities, and therefore need to be motivated before engaging in IGAs (through life skills development programmes with a component on motivation building, and counselling).
· First, a mapping of groups, skills and resources available for the different approaches, e.g. cash-for-work, IGAs will be done.
· Thereafter we will start a cash-for-work (CFW) programme for those who do not have any source of income and introduce a savings system immediately to initiate the practice of savings from the beginning. This will be a group based system because it will enable community empowerment and sustainability through the formulation of a small CBO. This group is required to save a percentage of their profits in a common fund. And after 12 months, when they would have built a sufficient fund, we will give them a cash grant to supplement it, enabling them to start a group based IGA. Thereafter, the CFW prog will cease.
· For those who are already engaged in some form of IGA, e.g. piecework, we will provide skills training, help them develop market linkages, provide loans (through local MFIs), etc. They will also be introduced to the savings system from the beginning.
· IGAs can be both group and individual.
· With regards to engaging children, involve them in age-appropriate (above 14 years) CFW activities and IGAs, following the same mechanisms as with adults. For children below 14, only supporting household livelihoods is recommended, provided that such activities do not violate their rights, e.g. to education.
· Income growth programmes (skills training, IGAs, job creation, market linkages and business loans) will go on for 3 years, after which we believe they will reach a level of sustainability enabling them to enter the developmental phase. We will start our phasing off plan at this stage, and will continue to provide them with technical support and capacity building (including psychosocial support) during the next 2 years, depending on their requirements.
· Considerations in selecting IGAs/CFW – health, vulnerability, gender, willingness of the beneficiary, should be environment friendly/conscious, e.g. choose trees selectively for felling. We will have an effective monitoring system in place to prevent harming the environment, e.g. cutting the good trees when collecting firewood.
· The IGA is to be designed in consultation with the beneficiaries.

Asset Transfers:
· We will provide cash transfers only to the neediest families with children/ Child led families, for a period of 12 months, with the condition that they take part in IGAs.
· Transfers will only be ‘in-kind’ to prevent misuse/ manipulations by the beneficiary.
· Transfers will take place simultaneously with CFW and IGAs.

Asset Growth and Protections:
· Micro insurance programmes will be introduced for IGAs as well as to improve individual living standards, with a special focus on health and nutrition outcomes since these are prominent needs for the children in this community.
· Group based and individual savings will be encouraged as soon as they start earning an income either through CFW or IGAs.
· Provide referrals to legal services for beneficiaries 1). To obtain birth certificates and other legal documents specially since most of the returnees will not have or have lost them, enabling school drop outs to return to school, open accounts, property inheritance, etc, 2). To redress issues of GBV, discrimination, child domestic labour, under-age pregnancy, etc.

Supportive (soft) Programmes:
Mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) – While engaging in these economic strengthening activities, we will also conduct the following activities because in a community such as this, emerging from a 20 year civil war, where the social fabric has been severely damaged, economic development programmes tend to collapse if personal, social and attitudinal changes do not take place:
1. Life skills – address issues such as GBV, SRH, gender relations, image construction, assertiveness, managing emotions, discrimination, rights (children’s, women’s), etc.
2. Counselling and mental health services – address the psycho-emotional needs and issues of individuals and groups.

Actors We Work With

· The Government
· Micro finance institutions, micro insurance institutions, community groups that serve as agents
· Private sector enterprises for market linkages
· Legal service providers
· Other I/NGOs, CBOs providing relevant services, e.g. legal, livelihood.
· Resource persons providing skills trainings, counselling

Measuring Success

Our programme will have a comprehensive M&E plan based on Result-Based Management, which will help us evaluate the progress of the programme activities on a regular basis. This allows us the flexibility to change the activities based on the evaluation of short term outputs, to achieve the expected outcomes and impacts. The outputs, outcomes and impacts will be measured against indicators identified in the programme design. Since the focus is on better outcomes for children, indicators such as the ones below will be assessed:

Output Indicators
Outcome Indicators
Impacts Indicators
Increased school attendance
Better school performance (academic and non-academic)
Increased no of people with higher educational qualifications
Increased no of children taken for immunization
Decrease in the no of children requiring medication for communicable diseases.
Decrease in the child mortality rate
Increased no of children have a balanced diet daily
Increased quality of food intake of children
Better height-to-weight ratio/ healthy growth of children
Increased no of people with better awareness on child rights and protection
Better arrangements for children to be looked after in the absence of guardians
Better care and protection of children
X no of legal centres providing free services available
Children and guardians better access to legal services
Rights of the children restored