Assignment 6 – Chid Protection Systems

‘Community’ is usually defined “geographically, emphasising a group of interacting people living in proximity in a particular location such as a village or urban neighbourhood.” Though a camp can also be considered a community in the sense that it comprises of a conglomerate/ congregation of people vis a vis originating from diverse geographical communities, an important fact to be considered is that they are accustomed to the socio-cultural systems of their original communities from which they were displaced, which would (assumedly) differ from each other. Therefore, in order to ensure that community based mechanisms (CBMs) are taken into account in the best interest of children, it will not be feasible to consider one main community-based mechanism. Hence we will need to adopt an approach where we will need to develop a child protection mechanism which is still community based but accommodating a range of norms and practices in the different communities which the camp is comprised of, in consultation with the people in the camps (this does not mean that all the practices/features in all the communities have to be incorporated, but the objective is to recognize and value the mechanisms that have existed in those communities in an egalitarian manner). In addition, the mechanisms in the host community where the camps are located can also be capitalized upon, to support this mechanism.

Child protection is defined as “measures and structures to prevent and respond to violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation affecting children”. Child participation is hereby considered as an integral part of the protection mechanism.

Coordination of govt and non-govt agencies (i.e. inter-agency working group-IAWG) for the development of a child protection intervention.
· To make the interventions more comprehensive/ holistic.
· To ensure smooth and effective functioning (e.g. information flow, relationship among sectors)
· To prevent duplication of efforts and waste of resources (e.g. UNICEF and SC are already conducting assessments) and competition among agencies.
· To give a child protection focus to the IAWG.

· Call a coordination meeting among the IAWG and create a Child Protection Task Force (CPTF), comprised of agencies involved in child protection, WASH, Health and Nutrition, Education, etc.
· Assess the capacities of the agencies, map their activities (e.g. 4W) and develop a plan of action (to be implanted following the assessment) with clear division of labour.
· Integrate in to the assessments that are being carried out by UNICEF, etc, an assessment of community based child protection mechanisms that the camp inhabitants have been accustomed to (if any), and national and local level State mechanisms related to child protection, as well as the relationships between the two.
Within 1 week of joining the IAWG.
Analysing the assessment findings and identifying the strengths/ deficits of the CBMs and the State child protection system.
· In order to make the intervention effective, a comprehensive understanding of CBMs and the State system (specially their strengths and gaps) is essential.
· Involve the community members in the assessment, e.g. leaders, women, children, youth, ethnic representatives, host community, etc, to build ownership and make the process participatory.
· If child participation is a novel concept/ practice in this community, integrate it into the processes to the greatest extent possible, e.g. through awareness raising, child friendly space activities, etc, as it has to be mainstreamed over time and requires a lot of attitudinal change.
· Ensuring that no harm is done in the process, e.g. by being culture insensitive.
2 weeks
Developing a child protection mechanism.
Because the State does not have the required capacity (during the emergency phase) to develop it on their own and requires external assistance.
· Based on the findings of the assessment, we will know the mechanisms that have existed/are existing in the camp communities and host communities as well as in the country- both their strengths (e.g. effective interventions for CP that have been initiated from within the community) and their deficits/gaps. While strengthening the effective community based and State initiatives, we will address the gaps by mobilizing initiatives that are owned and managed by the community, and also supporting the State (see no 4 below for examples).
· Active community participation will be ensured throughout by consulting them and engaging them in the decision making as well as the designing process.
· It will be possible to gauge the existing level of child participation through the assessment, depending on which, a process will be initiated to encourage more child participation in the child protection mechanism, at both the community and national levels.
· Ensure that no harm is done to the community.
6 months in total
Capacity building

· Awareness raising/ mobilization regarding CP and Child Rights (CR) issues.
· Capacitating the community members (including children) to identifying CP/CR issues (e.g. sexual abuse, neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse/violence) in the community and taking action to address those. E.g. if a mothers’ group or a CP Action Committee comprised of community leaders has been formed by people in the camp, community members can be requested to inform this committee if any CP issue is detected/raised. Action Committee will be capacitated to identify, redress and/ or refer CP/CR issues. If the Committee also does not have the capacity to redress the issue, e.g. a child has been raped by an army personnel, they are asked to report the case to the relevant govt. Official. The CPTF will capacitate the govt officials to handle these cases through training, funding transport and additional human resources, etc.
· Support services for children, e.g. psychosocial support, child-friendly spaces, catch-up classes. With a view of building a sustainable system, a parallel process of training members of the community and the relevant Govt officials will take place while providing these services, .e.g. provision of a counsellor for a short period who will train community volunteers as befrienders.
· Guiding the community to identify separated or unaccompanied children and refer them to the relevant Govt. authority for reunification or alternative care. State capacity will be built to respond accordingly.
· Capacitate the community members to manage inter-community conflicts, power dynamics, discrimination, etc.
Throughout the 6 months.
Engaging with other sectors, e.g. education, health

· The CP/CR issues related to different sectors, e.g. lack of sanitary facilities jeopardizing children’s health/hygiene; lack of educational material, etc will be referred to and addressed through the CPTF. They will also provide funding and capacity building (e.g. awareness raising/training) to the govt agencies.
Throughout the 6 months.
Linking the CBM with State mechanisms/ system at local and national level

· Communication channels, the relationship and goodwill between the community and the State sector will be built through strategic action and capacity building. E.g. creating awareness of the CP Action Committees in the camps on the roles and responsibilities of relevant govt officers/agencies, provide them with the contact details and introducing them to each other, while capacitating the Govt to provide facilities such as transport and communication devices to the CP officers.
· Capacitate the CBOs/NGOs in the host community (by creating awareness on the socio-political context of the IDPs, their needs/issues, etc) to act as a mediator between the IDP community and the govt agencies, if/when the community is unable to access these agencies easily.
Throughout the 6 months.
· Implementation of laws and policies are the foundation of an effective system.
· Because the govt is the primary duty-bearer of protecting its children.
· Specially during an emergency governance can be weakened.
· The emergency could be used as an opportunity to build an effective CP system.
· Advocating and supporting the govt for legal and policy formulations and for good practices pertaining to CP/CR (based on the CRC) as well as for their implementation, together with the local communities.
· Empowering the communities (including children) for their voices to be heard.
· Evidence collected from regular monitoring will be used for this.
Throughout the 6 months.

Monitoring and Evaluation
Baseline development
· Based on the needs assessment conducted initially
2 weeks
Develop output and process indicators
· In the process of developing the action plan.

2 weeks
· Monitoring will be built in to the activities and is ongoing.
· Regular (daily, weekly, monthly) reporting to collect evidence and for learning, e.g. prevalence of sexual exploitation and trafficking and the level of resilience/coping mechanisms.
· Involve the community (including children), consult them on the changes needed and share outcomes.
· Measured against the baseline
· Avoid case based evaluation
· Involve the community (including children), consult them on the changes needed and share outcomes. Post emergency interventions can be built upon this.
· Reports will be shared with the IAWG and other sectors.
Periodically, i.e. mid and end term