Group 2, assignment 6

· Three weeks after a tsunami, reliable figures on the situation of children are still not available.

· Many organizations, including UNICEF and Save the Children, are conducting assessments in different districts and sub-districts.

· The government has identified 200,000 individuals that have been displaced and 15,000 children and young people between the ages of 7-20 who lost one or both parents in three districts of the overall 10 affected districts.
· Through government-led coordination meetings, it has been noted that sexual exploitation and trafficking of children existed prior to the tsunami.
· Going into the third week after the disaster, children have reportedly been taken out of Area X; however no real cases of sexual exploitation or trafficking have been recorded.

· Hundreds of thousands of people are living in barracks, shelters or camps, increasing the risk of children falling victim to abuse and violence.

· You have recently been recruited by the government to join their inter-agency working group tasked with helping them design an effective child protection intervention for this emergency situation.

Please explain what your inputs would be for
1) priority programming and implementation;

- A mapping exercise to identify the NGOs and government agencies that may be useful in identifying the need and provide services to the child, such as social services, police, schools, health services, judicial system. Some of them are particularly relevant for the issues of sexual exploitation and trafficking and can provide data and best practices leant at their level of intervention.
- Include an assessment of services that were available to children prior to the tsunami and understand how these are trying to address the needs of children. This will help understand where these interventions can be supported in terms of finances or staff capacity.
- Collect data about the problems and challenges faced before the tsunami and their contribution to existing vulnerabilities
- Community based formal and informal support systems that would have offered children protection before the tsunami and how these could be supported and strengthened in the aftermath of the disaster. The assessment should also consider how these have been destroyed as a result of the disaster and the related mobility of the population.
- Power relations within the affected area; identifying powerful actors, people who are vulnerable, have less power and assess how the disaster context could affect these relationships, populations and service delivery.
- ensure that the data collected by UNICEF and save the children are shared with Community based NGOs and government institutions
- If not done in the assessment by these INGO, provide information about the activities and skills of community based NGOs and governmental organizations specialized in child protection
- ensure that the intervention is defined and divided according to the means and competences available.
- Liaise between the means of the INGOs and the skills and experience developed by the community based NGO specialized in child protection
- establish common projects and partnerships in order to strengthen the links between INGOs and community based NGOs specialized in child protection so as to facilitate the sharing of lesson learnt information and best practices.
- Think about the intervention with the longer term life conditions of children in mind rather than just their short term more immediate needs.
- Design a system that ensures children are involved – in the design, in implementation and in assessing impacts. They should also be provided with grievance addressal systems to help address any issues related to their needs.

2) monitoring and evaluation for the emergency phase, by ensuring that the community-based mechanisms are taken into account for the best interest of children.
- Develop monitoring mechanisms that are not complicated to use while the project is being implemented and also sets up a system that can capture more effective impact of interventions.
- Organize regular meetings in order to share inputs and difficulties among all the NGOs specialized in child protection, which is then fed back into steering the project
- Use the community based systems as a way of monitoring how children are faring
- Organize periodic cross- sectors meetings so as to strengthen the global and cooperative approach and identify the recent trends and evolutions in the specific issues of sexual exploitation and trafficking
- harmonize the evaluation tools and methodology in order to facilitate a comparative approach between the stakeholders
- conceive evaluation tools so as to take into account the best interest of the child
- take advantage of this regular assessment to identify previous shortages and inadequacies and set up longer term solution thanks to the lessons learnt from the emergency context.