class 3: Case study 2

Group 2: Isabelle, Azra, Shashike, Jayantha

Separated Children: Tracing

Assignment: Having read the required readings and viewed the global lecture, Global
classroom groups assigned to Case Study II should read the Child’s Story below and answer
the following three questions related to family tracing:
1. What steps would you take in order to try to trace Jean-Claude’s family?

- Collect data from the child regarding his name, the name of the area he comes from or the name of its village, any other information that may also be useful concerning the persons he may know from his village or elsewhere that are susceptible to give further information regarding his identity.
- Collect information about the child himself: clothes, height, weight, features and take pictures of him with his identification number that can be broad-casted.
- Enter the information about the child in a database in order to compare with any declaration of a missing child.
- Broadcast the picture of the child with his identification number in the nearby camps and villages, to make sure that any person who may have information about him will be able to communicate it to ICRC members.
- Get information on missing children from families from the surrounding villages including details of these children, their families (names, numbers etc) and put up lists, or inform the children in the camps, including JC to see if a match can be made. This can include photographs of people and place.
- Get information about who he was he with when he left his village, what happened to them, get the him to provide a description of this child (clothes, height, weight, features) so that we can attempt to locate him too. Determine how long it took him to get to the river, and from the river to the camp, any names of people he met along the way, including the name of the boatman. With may give an idea of the location of the village within 10 km from the camps, given the fact we already know the village is close to mountains.
- A detailed account of the journey that the child undertook to get to the camp. This should be done by someone who has the skills to undertake it. This will help with the tracing process if the child is unable to provide a name of his village is undergoing some stress, has faced some form of trauma etc.

2. What factors may hinder you in this tracing process?
- If too much information is provided the child may be at risk of being traced by a stranger and be harmed. So any tracing method should take note of this and involve mechanisms that protect the child against these risks.
- The general security context and the ongoing conflict should also be considered and guide the choices of whether or not the existence of vulnerable child should be advertised. These conditions will also hamper the efforts of the tracing team and this should be considered when designing the tracing plan, to also include contingencies and risk mitigation mechanisms.
- The weather will help/hinder the team of tracers to access the villages and the surrounding areas. So if the bad weather continues it could hamper the efforts to access various areas.
- The ratio between people displaced and the number of children to trace has also to be considered for the success of a rapid tracing process.
- The time between the moment when JC left his village and the moment when he was found is also a key element given that his family is probably also moving during the same time.
- The fact that JC is isolated from any other member of his community constitutes a factor that may hinder the tracing process.
- The security situation and the threat to the tracing team as a result of being in a conflict context could also hamper the efforts.

3. If resources are limited how would you prioritize activities?

1. Setting up a data base and getting as much information as possible including personal and physical characteristics (including any specific identifying marks of the child).
2. Include information about the child’s village and family in this database
3. Planning for weather and security conditions
4. Determining skills of the team and numbers within the tracing team so that tracing can be planned.
5 Depending on the result of the two previous analyses (weather and security conditions as well as skills of the team) further steps can b taken if the previous have proved inefficient. These further steps can include broadcast of information about the child as well as the mobility mapping method.