Group 2 Isabelle, Azra, Shashike), assignment 1

1. Objectives:
The objectives of this child protection stand alone assessment focus on understanding affectedness and responding to that affectedness in a focused and timely fashion, which is aimed at identifying the following points:
- Understanding the scale of needs and protection risks: To provide an in depth analysis of the affectedness of children at the community level, on the understanding that communities are heterogeneous entities, to be able to prioritize the response to children.
- Understanding child protection issues that existed prior to the emergency and may have been exacerbated as a result of conditions brought on by the emergency as well as new emerging child protection issues.
- Prioritizing the required response for children (issues, groups and geographic regions, develop the response according to the findings of the assessment and determine how to deliver it.

2. Methodology:

Given the context (3 weeks after the emergency) the participatory ranking method will be excluded; it requires a high level of skill and experience of the team on child protection issues and time. The methodology will focus on assessing the demand and supply sides of the spectrum.

Demand side: Data will be collected to reflect the differences within the community (demand/needs) and the response (supply side). Overall data collection will employ the following purposive methods to obtain details of affectedness and ongoing response.
- Secondary information on affectedness (number of affected, how they have been affected, relief received, and gaps in relief services) from camp registers, hospital records, security surveys, relief recipient records, ration card information etc.
- Direct observation – conditions of services, spaces available for affected people, especially children
- Key informant interviews with people already working in the affected areas, state officials, community leaders and community members to get stories, narratives, case studies etc.
- Face-to-face interviews with affected people who will be selected based on selection criteria which will include; age groups, gender, region, level of affectedness, socio-economic background
- Voices of children: Employing child friendly and ethical methods to include the voices of children –drawings, anonymous personal stories/interviews, discussions with close interactees.

Supply side
- Mapping of services: availability and gaps.

A questionnaire and discussion guide will include questions to ascertain all the concerns of the community without limiting their choice as well as categorical questions. This can be useful in our situation where our organization has had very limited knowledge of the situation and of how the emergency has been dealt with during those three weeks. Therefore not limiting the choices of the informants by multiple choice questions could be useful in this context. Concerning the direct observation, structured and unstructured observation will be combined.

3. Unit of measurement and sampling :

A purposive sampling technique will be used based on developed criteria that reflect the conditions of the affected population; this will be the first level of selection. This would include location (camps, villages), affected population living in camps from cities/villages, level of affectedness (proxied by the loss of belongings, death in family, existence of vulnerable groups such as elderly, children, disabled etc). Camp selection could include;
- One camp in a part of the town highly affected by the disaster.
- One camp in a part of the town less affected by the disaster.
- One camp in a village highly affected by the disaster.
- One camp in a village less affected by the disaster.

Sample numbers will be adjusted considering the feasibility and rapid response requirements. At least 10 camps and some villages will be selected the next level of selection will be done based on community selection criteria (gender, caste, disability, sex, age etc).

4. Coordination:

Training of team: rapid orientation for 10 social workers need on how the entire process should be handled, their responsibility, do no harm principle, ethical considerations etc. The entire process will be led by the assessment team, together with the social workers who will work closely with sector specific implementors; using their information and supporting new data collection, when gaps exist.

5. Analysis:

Primary data will be coded. The data analysis will be led by the personnel of the assessment team especially those persons specialized in child protection issues and having expertise in term of assessment.

Issues to consider during analysis should include:
- The identification of immediate risks; separated children, traumatized, orphaned children, exposure to trafficking, exploitation, sale for drug/sex trade and etc.
- The identification of the safety and protection situation in the camps/villages (camps are properly lit, have basic sanitation facilities, lockable toilets, separate sleeping arrangements etc)
- Management of camps/village governance and child care implications.
- New issues children are facing; heath, security, access to services and basic supplies, education
- More affected areas towards which the first intervention needs to be directed, missing areas etc

6. Validity:

- Use of secondary and primary sources will help triangulate and cross check information that is available.
- Involvement of sector experts and experiences from similar type of emergencies to provide feedback to data will also help validate information. this will help understand if the findings are consistent and also provide a basis to explain emerging differences of experiences from this emergency context.
- Second visit including a field supervisor to randomly selected locations with documented data to cross check the information with the respondents.
- Use documented information and validate with respondents with similar characteristic to gain an understanding of the validity of the issues being raised. This can be a compilation of the information but is validated within the same community that the information was collected from.

7. Information sharing:

- Set of finding reports in brief and situation reports will be prepared and freely available.
- Findings presentations and discussions with different stakeholders such as community, service providers.
- Simple findings sharing sessions with children particularly but also at a community level.
- All sharing will include a discussion on the prioritizing needs for action.

8. Time line

Considering that the assessment is taking place three weeks after the emergency began the initial response is in place and this exercise is trying to build on this and also identify gaps in the initial response. As a result the assessment can be done in three weeks to allow the team to collect, analyze and prepare the necessary material for a longer term intervention.

The training of the social workers can be completed in maximum two days including the orientations on behavioral protocols and do no harm principle. Also, it is extremely important to conduct debriefing sessions with the social workers at the end of the each day during the assessment.