Group 5 – Psychosocial Intervention
We decide to develop the children center.
This program is important after we have done the assessment in collaboration with local NGO and local community. Based on the assessment the community needs a safety place for children to play and to learn, while their parents went to their farm or cleaning their house. From the parents perspective they need a trusted person or institution to help them to relief their children’s trauma and prepare their children to face Merapi eruption.

Why develop the Children center:
1. After the emergency situation it is important for children to relief their trauma and back to normal life situation. So in the children center we develop several programs that will be useful for their children. While the children playing, their parents will have time for working or visiting their field without worries because their children are in the safe place and under professional monitoring.
2. The program on children center was developed based on the cultural background.
· For example in story telling session we use the wayang stories, like Hanoman. The stories tell traditional values for being strong and never surrender even in difficult situation. In addition to that, a child in Central java and Yogyakarta use to know the stories; so it is closer to their heart and their mind.
· The drawing and writing session give the children opportunity to describe their fear, anxiety, their hope and their need. From this session we will know how children experienced their traumatic situation and we know the coping mechanism based on the child perspective.
· Dancing, singing, and playing together are created to provide situation where not only trauma relieving but also a strategy to teach children on how to react properly in emergency situation. For example: while we are playing, we teach children how to find safety place when Merapi erupted and how to use the masker. We have role play to teach children if they separate from their parents on where they should go and asking for help.
· Counseling: We encourage the children to tell about their daily activity, whether there are any problem in their house or their school, to tell about their friend so the children feel having new friend from adult such as social worker, volunteer, etc.
3. Doing No Harm
This concept is very important because our program should be accepted by community, based on their need, and do not jeopardize their condition. Doing no harm means that when we develop program should respect the cultural and social context as well as respect the children rights. For example: we should respect the local value that girls and boys around 12 or juvenile should be separated or the local belief of not allowing to visit the children center during magrib time (time of sunset prayer). On the other side we should tell the community to give the equal chance for girls to attend children center, even if the value of local community there is for girls to stay at home.
Doing No Harm and related to culturally sensitive
Doing No harm is very important for every development program of the children, because in case the program violates local wisdom, not only our program didn’t have any support of the community, but in many situation we can also put the children in difficult or dangerous situation. For example: if we open the children center on magrib (time of sunset prayer), the parents will not allow the children to come. And if the children are coming, they may get corporal punishment from their parents.
When we develop program taking into account “doing no harm” concept, it can also help to build trust with local community. Furthermore, not only it helps us to have our process running smoothly but also bring good out comes.
The important thing is that all programs to be developed will have to involve local community, local NGO (if any) or other stakeholder to obtain support from them.