Group 5 (Tinduk, Tuti and Titi) and Lina Sofiani
1. Similarities and differences in recruitment process:

Case A
Case B
Case C
· Poverty

· Poverty

· Poverty
· Forced by government (issue of quota)
· Girls and boys
· Not forceful
· Part of traditional believes (seen as rite of passage into adulthood)
· Male children
· Customary and voluntary (by parents)
· Systematically targeted the most vulnerable children (female –headed HH, orphans children from vulnerable families)
· Children between ages 10-15
· Forceful recruitment

2. Impact of the differing recruitment experiences that the children associated with armed group might have in their future development: frustration, feeling rejected by their communities and oppressed for those who voluntarily joined the armed forces. In the case of those who voluntarily joined the forces, they may not realize that they are being used by the armed forces. Moreover, for those families who sent their children to the armed forces as part of religious believe, they will be highly regarded and admired by the society. This will lead to huge and easy recruitment of child soldiers and finally, difficult to cut this vicious cycle. However, when the children need to leave the forces, they will find different world outside their “usual” life and will feel frustrated to adjust and adapt their psychological condition.

3. In our opinion, there is no such “voluntarily joining” the armed forces for the children. If condition permit, a child will usually prefer to live normally instead of joining the world of adults carrying guns everywhere. Children did not have access to information, decision was made base on peer’s and relative’s pressure and In Case B, it was parents’ decision to send their children to be initiated.

4. The case studies opened our eyes on the root cause of recruitment. It provided us with a glimpse of information on how the government ,who is the duty bearer to protect the children, misused their authority and took the advantage of using the children, manipulating, and even politicizing them. Each case showed that local situation induced the recruitment of the children as well as ‘manipulation’ of local believes.