Case Study Assignment
Session 2
Assessment and Response for Children in Emergencies
Global Classroom Child Protection in Disaster and War
Indonesia Working Groups - 2:

Situational Descriptive
Recent natural emergency in X has led to the displacement of approximately 200,000 individuals from their villages. These individuals are now living in approximately 150 temporary UN-run camps. You are now given the permission and access to conduct a child protection stand alone assessment. Human resources are very tight due to emergency response. The questions are what kind of assessment you will conduct to measure the problems in that area?

Groups 2 agree that we must do some response to assess the problems in that area, and here are some responses and the detail:
1. the unit of measurement would be the individual affected by the
natural emergency. We have 200,000 refugees in the camps, and we will not take them all. Just do
with the non-random purposive sampling. This method will support our assessment to get important
information with small sample size.
2. The sample would be chosen from those in 150 UN Camps. Due
to lack of social workers, we decide to take 50 percent of the
camps. Of each of the selected camp we decide to take 20
percent of the individuals to be the target of assessment. We agree that in assessment we don’t need to
take a big sample size, just take a few of the affected population. But, we also must consider about the
characteristic of sample. For example we have to select the individual who have much information
about the community, like group leader in community, etc. So we think that sampling problem is not
only in size, but also in characteristic, such as social status, experience, awareness for the community
and participation during the post disaster, and the last is sample must be heterogen (man and woman).
The important things if we want to measure the needs of children, we have to engage mother in the
assessment process who know the better needs for their children.
3. The primary objective in the assessment is to know :
a. The basic needs of the children, such as food and other
nutrition, clean water, save shelters, medical.
b. Security, care and support, education.
Based on Core Commitment that Unicef had, we are agree that children in emergencies situation
have rights to have same condition with children in normal area. So the primary objectives for this
assessment is to measure the needs for children in disaster area, such as: health, nutrition, water and
sanitation, protective environment and education. We can’t fulfill all that needs, otherwise we have
to determine the top priority for them, like survival needs.

4. The methods we will use
We agree to use Desk Review and Participatory Ranking Method to conduct assessment. We choose it
because we thought that the most important elements in recovery is the community itself. So, we think
that will be great if we engage them in the first process of recovery.
* Desk review is a simple method but it’s the most important part in assessment. Without desk review
we cannot plan the best intervention for the community in disaster area. Desk review including early
study about the impact of disaster to the community , social and physical environment.
* Participatory Ranking Method: Prof Ager in his college said that the most important things to bring
back their normal live are the community itself. By logic, if we want to build back the affected
population, we must engage the population itself, not the agency, NGO’s or Government should make
a decision about the community.
5. The result of PRM is considered valid, because :
- the objective is just to know the key needs of children; and
- the respondents are those directly affected by the
- the number of respondents is significant :(20% x 50% x
200.000 individuals.
6. The method for analysis participatory ranking method are combined statistical method and qualitative analysis. Combined statistical method can be used to analyze the ranking from the community. This method support the searching for top priority for the affected community. The qualitative method is used for analyzing the answer and the process from the participatory ranking method. The combination between two analysis (quantitative and qualitative) is the best suited analysis to provide information for intervention strategy.
7. After the data collecting was finished, we have suggestion about data shared. The assessment report must be shared to other agencies and government that need the information about the situation. We must remember our purpose in the field is to bring back the new normal condition for the affected population, this is not for profitable or something like corporate, that’s why data shared is very important.

Engage the community to know the situation about their environment


This is some short mid map for analysis and reason why we using the participatory method for assessment:



Valid because the answer is coming from themselves for themselves. The expert team only became a facilitator

8. We are agree that assessment in emergency area need coordination between:
- The central/local government, UNICEF, NGO and
representative of the community who will be responsible for collecting
the types of data and doing analysis;
- volunteers.
- The community and the community leaders.
9. The assessment and the analysis must be completed within the first 4-6 weeks . This is some short timeline that we can do in this situation:
- After permission to response has been given: desk review and planning. This method important to make some planning mechanism for intervention post disaster, include planning about assessment tools.
- 1 until 2 weeks: Data collecting using assessment tools, such as: FGD, unstructured interview, field observation or secondary data.
- 3 weeks: Data collecting finished and begin to plan about the analysis.
- 4 weeks: Analysis data with another agencies, government, and other volunteers in the field.
- 5 until 6 weeks: data shared with other elements that worked in the field, such as government, INGO, political party, etc.

10. Monitoring or directly participate in day-to-day
activities/self-observation in the field/carry out interview.