Case Study Assignment
Session 5
Children Associated with Fighting Forces
Global Classrom – Children in Disaster and War

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Case Study 2
Short Descriptive
Susan is 15 years old. She was a refugee in living camp in disaster area. When living in the camp, she began to start her school and normal daily activities. Suddenly one night, some rebels cam to her camp and forced Susan for carrying heavy loads and loated supplies. During her task support the rebels in war, Susan forced for sexual exploitation and bcame pregnant. Susan was pregnant but still did the hard work, like hard cooking and carrying weapons to the battle field.

1. What kind of psychosocial factors that affect this child?
There are a lot of factors that affect Susan after her experiences in battles field and with the rebels, like:
* Primary trauma: Some kind of psychological illness that can bring the child into the old experiences if they see another things or people that related to his/her bad experiences.
* Social excision: This condition can be happen because Susan has a child and she didn’t know who was the father. Because of that, it’s become the new problem for family reunification.
* HIV/AIDS – Sexually transmitted disorder: The problem for Susan’s health are HIV/AIDS and/or sexual transmitted disorder. These could be happen because in war area Susan was rape by three rebels by turns and we didn’t know how about the sexual networking of the rebels.
* Lost their daily activities: The most important things for me is the daily activities of the child itself. In this case, before Susan was rape and pregnant by the rebels, she had start her daily activities by going to school and living in new normally in the camp, but suddenly the rebels came and they broke the Susan’s life. In psychology, if someone lose their daily activities it will affect the personality, if the personality.
* Lost their parents: The closest thing might be happen in the war area is Susan can lost their parents.

Plan of Action for rehabilitating Susan
1. Psychosocial support: This program will help Susan back into the new normally condition. This program also help Susan to get back her daily activities and also a counseling and rehabilitation for her psychological well being.
2. Create the safe environment (home) for child protection: Susan’s life was hard, and I think government and agencies based on CRC must develop some “home” for the child in war area. Home terminology here is not about camp with full of foods or safe shelter. Home means safe area for children from rebels or another army that related to war issues.
3. Develop some indicators that related to child condition: Before we go to the family reunification process, we have to monitor and evaluate our psychosocial program to know the effectiveness of the program. To monitor and evaluate that we have to create some indicators related to child condition. In this part we can also work together with psychiatry, psychologist and medical team (doctor). After we know the child condition are good, we can continue to the family reunification process.
4. Family reunification: This program consist of another process that involve children to remember something about their family condition. This programs consist of:
- Identification and documentation
- Tracing
- Verification
- Reunification
- Follow up
5. Economic empowerment for livelihood and protection: The last part for our plans is involving Susan and another child to economic empowerment program. The economic empowerment program is true that related to parents and adult, but I think there’s some correlation between this program and child welfare in emergency area.
6. Monitoring and Evaluation: The most important thing to watch the effectiveness of the programs are monitoring and evaluation, of course we have to develop the indicators and tools for this process

Problems related to the Plan.
I think there are some problems that related to my plans, like:
1. The condition itself: The war condition is very dangerous condition because can lead us to murderer, kidnapped, sexual and physical abuse, terror, and another thing that related to violence.
2. The psychological condition of children in war area: Things that hard to expect is the psychological condition of the child. We never know if someone are healed or not, its because we cannot see the psychological condition of the child, different with physical condition.
3. The role in battle field: Sometimes for me, eventhough the country had a rule and legal policy for war, the rebels and the army sometimes doesn’t follow that rule. For example in this case is we know that the world had ratified the UNCRC, but the fact is exploitation of children still going.
4. Permit to access affected population: Sometimes maybe it’s difficult to access the affected population in war area. Sometimes army only give permit to “formal agencies: like Red Cross and Red crescent and also the UN bodies, so if we want to run some research and intervention there, we have to come with Red Cross flags.

How we alleviate the problems
1. Coordination with Government and UN bodies. The coordination between other agencies, government and UN bodies are needed to create a better environment for intervention and rehabilitation program for child soldier.
2. Keep the International Law and other International convention as the reason we come in to the battle field.
3. Coordination with the army and UN peace corps for own safety in battle field.
4. Advocacy for the best solution of the child condition in battle field. Using the the Legal Framework, International Law and The Convention of Human Rights and Child rights.