CASE STUDY 4Recruitment of Children in Sierra Leone ConflictBy Indonesia Group 4(Wahyu, Rama, Eriando)

1. Similarities and Differences in Recruitment Experiences of the Children
1.1. Similarities
  • Objective of recruitment is to fulfill and increase armed personnel.
  • Use children as target of recruitment both of boys and girls.

1.2. Differences

Government Forces
Civil Defense Forces
Rebel Forces
Recruitment practice
Open recruitment and the quota system
Use traditional cult and initiation rite
Forceful - systematically targeted – abducted
Children who loss houses, families, friends, and schools.
It might be sent by family or by own desire
Unaccompanied children, children from female headed household, orphans, and children from vulnerable children
Search of security, protection, food, adventure and revenge.
Passage into adulthood

2. Impact of Children
All the recruitment practice will make the children into a war situation. It would be very likely they meet traumatic or difficult event like
  • Witnessed Murder
  • Witnessed Physical Abuse and/or Torture
  • Witnessed Rape and/or Sexual Abuse
  • Abducted from their Families
People who have had traumatic experience can feel shattered, over-whelmed, debilitated, and alone. In both children and adult, trauma typically causes nightmare that disrupt sleep and flashback (Herman 1997). Traumatic reaction is often expressed somatically. Traumatic reaction also can impair children’s functionality, limiting their ability that usually can do.
Children who involve as ‘soldier’ will have more difficult situation and they would be more likely have traumatic experience.

3. Children who ‘joined voluntary’?
Based on situation on the Sierra Leone conflict (on case study) it’s hard to say that children joined voluntary or on their own free will. The other term that can be used is “unforced recruitment”. Failed social system set the context for unforced recruitment by offering few positive alternatives for them. They spend most of their time in multiple risks. They lack of protective factors. The children do not go to war – the war comes home to them (Brett and Specht, 2004).

4. Situation of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is an example of failed country. There is no authority or government that ensures wellbeing of their citizen.