Livelihoods and Child Protection
By Indonesia Group 4
(Wahyu, Rama, Eriando)

1. Background – Situational Analysis
Risk Factor
Protective Factor
General Information: Papua Koala (PK) is a seaside town.
Infrastructure is deteriorated.
After 20 years of civil war: peace
has returned

Resources: timber, mineral
resources, and plentiful farm land
Demographic Information:
40,000 (including 10,000 returnees)
There are gaps between home
population and returnee; wage
jobs are scarce for returnees.

Returnees: generally worse,
subject to discrimination and
violence in community, school
attendance for girls, less the
requisite skills in farm land.

Returnee families report they eat
only 1‐2 meals in a day.

Nearly 1/3 of adolescents and
youth are out of school.

Most adolescents are already
economically active: informal
sector and domestic work.
Adolescents and youth (10‐24)
make up nearly half of the PK
population (potential resources)
Gender and Health Reproduction
Gender-stratified society.

Little formal employment
opportunity for men.

Women have been forced to take
on the new role of breadwinner,
working in the informal sector.

Returnee women and girls fear
Gender Based Violence (GBV).

Returnee complain about high
rates of teen pregnancy
Not yet identified

2. Rationale and Strategy
The main goal of the programs is to strengthen the capacity of family/household to address economic constraints that contribute to child vulnerability. In this context we can define economic strengthening as the portfolio of strategies and interventions that supply, protect, and/or grow physical, natural, financial, human, and social assets.
PK has potential timber and plentiful farmland, its can be explored to improve the returnee condition.
It’s also important to perceive target of program into household that focus on:
  • Adolescent and youth (nearly half of population)
  • Women
  • Man (head of household, gender-stratified society)

3. The Potential Activities
3.1. Food distribution
Returnee families report they eat only 1‐2 meals in a day. Since their economic condition is poor, it’s assumed not only frequency but it possible that their nutrient is poor. To protect the most vulnerable and to avoid the loss generation, it’s important to distribute food in short/medium term while the income generation/vocational training are starting.
3.2. Income generation/vocational training
PK has potential timber and plentiful farmland. The possible training is: carpenter, farmer, handicraft, food processing, etc. Man, youth and women can be involved in the activities. This includes small business subject matter and market linkage.
3.3. Health Reproduction for adolescence and youth
Since PK have high rates of teen pregnancy, it’s important to have health reproduction program to reduce further risk and give awareness their health reproduction
3.4. Gender Based Violence Reduction
This is will be targeted household not only women.
3.5. Child Right and Basic Education

4. Key Activities
4.1. Implementing partner selection.
4.2. Program implementation.
4.3. Capacity building of partners (training and supervision)
4.4. Monitoring and evaluation.