1. Steps will be taken to perform livelihoods mandate:
a. Conduct in depth assessment to complete the information. Prior to the activity, the comprehensive assessment method and mapping resources of source information will be designed. The sustainable livelihood framework will be also used as guideline to conduct in depth assessment and the project planning, monitoring and evaluation.
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Based on this framework above, some available data are:
Vulnerability context:
Peace has returned in Papua Koala which means the environment is relatively conducive for developing and starting economic activity
Livelihood assets
Data of human capital:
· Women are a breadwinner-hard worker
· Adolescent and youth are economic active
Problem in human capital:
· Community and returnees are lacking of sufficient skills
· Women and girls are fear of GBV
· Nearly 1/3 adolescents and youth are out of school and low school attendance
· Eat only 1-2 meals in a day
Data of social capital
· Women have access to work opportunity in informal sector
· Discrimination and violence in towards returnees
· Gender stratified community
· Little formal employment opportunity for men
· GBV among women and girls in the community and home
· High rates of teen pregnancy
· Youth gangs roam the streets at night
Data of natural capital
· The PK is rich in timber and mineral resources
· Plentiful of farm land
Fishing Industry both as a Industry Job and Food source. This will add to additional jobs for youth in food and fishing
industries, as well as application for NGO's to work with vocational training and nutritionally balanced community diets.
Data of physical capital
Infrastructure is deteriorated
Data of financial capital
There are 6 INGO that work in livelihoods program. Close coordination need to be developed with these INGO to collaborate and prevent overlapping activity and targeted community.
Other information need to be sought:
· Regarding vulnerable context , more information of seasonality trends, time of each season, how long for each season? Furthermore, since there is no information about transforming structures and processes, so this needs to be assessed.
· Information about school, whether school is available, how far, school fee, further reasons why adolescents and youth are out of school and low of school attendance, because they are busy in earning for living or is there any reason? What is the average level of education of youth and adolescents? How is their motivation to learn? What are other challenges that prevent them back to school?
· Information relates to household food security and nutritional status also needs to be assessed: the food security scale will be employed to measure household food security. As data also mentioned that number of teen pregnancy is high, health and nutritional status of pregnant teen is also need to be assessed.
· Women and girls are fear of GBV, so how is their emotional and physical condition, how is help seeking behavior, who can be approached to help them, what is other resources that women and girls have to deal with this problems?
· Marketing research will be also taken to design a sustainability of livelihood program.
. evaluate data, pre-existing and developed by NGO's
b. If the information have relatively sufficient, program design will be taken place. The program will be designed based on the priority needs of targeted group. The project will be emphasized in income growth: skills training, income generating activities, job creation, market linkage and business loans.
2. The specific approach to address the needs of the various group are:
The integrative approach will be taken in order to address various needs of different targeted group. The livelihood program will be designed base on the needs and the available resources. The livelihood program for adolescents and youth will considerate the youth gangs group for the livelihood group activities.
The project will be also focusing on input on women's [and girls] economic empowerment.Regarding the case that women have been forced as breadwinner and working in the informal sector. And they [and girls] fear GBV in the community as well as in the home. I think it would be better if there is NGOs who will be responsible to this issue. To strengthen women's economic roles will strengthen their bargaining power, not only in the home, but also in the community. Therefore, the livelihood programs should develop their capacity not only individual skills but also as group [social capital included leadership, etc]. It's a kind of 'kelompok usaha bersama' [KUBE/Group of women's micro businesses]. Related to the sustainability issue, NGO's should stimulateLocal government to be involved. The livelihood programs shoud be disaigned based on identifying women's potential of businesses as well as the market. NGO's should try to link their programs to local government programs for stimulating government's responsibilities to be involved on the livelihoods programs. As we know, government has vocational training centers that can support NGO's programs, particularly for youth [boys and girls].

3. The actors will work with to ensure success are:
Besides work with the targeted community, the close coordination and collaboration with government will be also developed. Furthermore, work closely with other NGO's that have specific skills sets, including:
· education school development, community education, teacher training
· health services, pregnancy and early childhood, HIV, communicable disease control
· micro-finance and banking development
· social, psychological services specializing in; youth and family, PTSD, domestic violence, violence against girls, and gang intervention
· farming, fishing, agricultural assistance
· community assessment and development
· vocational training, development and job services
· meals, foods, and nutritional development
Help create and work with Community Development Committee
· providing leadership and sense of community control in addressing goals and needs
· provide direction to NGO's brokering cooperation based on community need
· allocation of funds to cooperating NGO's and existing community actor assets

4. In order to prove the projects are working, the livelihood outcomes will be used as indicators are:
· The improvement of skills relate to income generating among youth and adolescents
· The increase number of youth and adolescents enroll in school
· The increase number of school attendance
· Youth and adolescents perceive the significant change in their life relate to the involvement in economic activity and school attendance
· Increase number of youth access to formal job
· Increase number to health care
· The improvement level of nutritional status among pregnancy teens and U5 children
· Consumption patterns
· Saving rates

Monitor, evaluate progress, sustainability, re-assessment will be conducted to ensure all activities, outputs, outcomes are achieved and have impacts on the targeted communities.