Group 7 – Assessment 3

Livelihood and Child Protection

1. Steps to ensure better outcomes for the children in the community
2. Specific approaches to address the needs of various group
3. Actors to work with to ensure success
4. How to prove that projects are working

It is reported that adolescents and youth make up nearly half of the population and 1/3 of them are out of schools and are economically active while high rates of teen pregnancy and youth gang problems caused negative image of young people in the community. In addition, women and girls fear GBV in community and in their homes.

Initial Phase:
1. Major target groups: women households and youth and child-households
2. Resources:
· kind of income generated activities that are existing in the area
· available resources include women and adolescents , local trainers (if possible)
3. External networking:
· Identify and approach stakeholders
· Networking with others organisations that already conducted livelihoods projects, approach livelihood cluster if existed.
· Conduct market analysis or ask other organisations who already have data on this issue.
Assessment and Implementation Phases:
· Group Assessments: Conduct Focus Group Discussion to identify suitable programme, involve all stakeholders including beneficiaries/target groups
· Discuss alternative projects of vocational courses for adolescents:
- Farming: establishment of sustainable community farm that provide initial training for returnees, provision tools and seeds as well as nutritious supplies for vulnerable community in the long run
- Handicrafts and small scale entrepreneurship (including training on basic business skills: accounting, business plan, value of saving and reinvesting their earnings) including collaboration with the donors or other players through their chamber of commerce or private companies as part of their CSR programme.
· To combine sessions on reproductive health and child protection issues in the trainings.
· The role of adolescent group as breadwinner is very important to be considered, one important element to be considered while implementing ‘business loans’ or ‘microcredit’, Group of beneficiaries should sign statement of responsibility, that they will return the loan on a regular basis; prior to the implementation of the projects. To ensure the implementation of this funding mechanism, a community-appointed team approves the loan and monitor the portfolio of these groups.
· Another issue to be discussed with community is on education acceleration programme for young people, whether it is visible to combine this with their vocational course or this should be conducted on a separate basis based on commitment from beneficiaries and local schools that could provide access.
· For child-households beneficiaries, discussion should be conducted with returnee community to identify caretakers for these families that could support them in accessing cash-transfers based on monthly distribution. Conditions should be clearly stated that children age 0 to 5 should attend health facility for immunization (age 0-1), growth monitoring and vitamin A supplement (age 1-5) and children age 6-17 should attend basic school institutions while their caregiver should attend awareness sessions to receive cash transfers.

Specific approaches to address the needs of the various groups (women, youth, adolescent, girls):
  • Using local resource in the community (ex institution, human resources, natural resources)
  • Using participatory method in planning, implementing and monitoring the activities

Some specific approaches for youth/ adolescent group (include girls) to integrated child protection issues with livelihood projects:
  • Alternative education provided for youth to provide access of education for school drop-out children
  • Capacity building for soft skill (strengthening their psychosocial competences) such as communication skill. problem solving, decision making, cooperation skill, future planning skill etc)
  • Youth club activities as a media. Livelihood activities are conducted through local youth club that already exist within community. The activities are, for example, printing training, handicraft training, mechanical training, carpenter training, farming training
  • Involving youth participation in the program and in community through some activities that give an opportunity for youth involved in community activity. The project should also share the power with youth in managing or organizing activities or even in prioritizing and making any decision.
  • Dissemination information on risk behaviour such as sexual and reproductive health, substance abuse, criminal and violence behaviour, gender based and sexual violence etc.

Actors who will involve ensuring success
  • The targeted group itself (ex: youth groups, adolescent groups, women groups)
  • Government institution in community level, sub district or district level
  • Local leader in community (include religious leader or community leader as well as traditional leader)
  • Local trainer to provide some skill for targeted group (ex: entrepreneurs skill. livelihood skill etc)
  • Local institution, part of community empowerment and sustainability strategy
  • Other NGO or CSO that can supported the livelihood projects with some resource so it will optimize the project benefit compare to single organization only involved
  • Other community member to support targeted group, to monitor and evaluate the project run by targeted group.

Monitoring and Evaluation:
For a community-base project mentioned above, it is very important to involve community members not only for identification and implementation phases but also on monitoring and evaluation. When community sit together to design the projects they should also discuss monitoring tools that they want to implement.
For microcredit project, community-appointed team that is responsible to approve the loan should also be responsible to monitor the portfolio of the groups. Regular meeting between the team and recipients should be conducted to strengthen communication that includes problem solving if required. Project office should work closely with both groups, facilitate meetings and provide method of problem solving and how to manage conflict (considering possible dispute between youth group and the other member of community during project implementation)
Child-households’ caretakers group should also be trained on basic accounting and first aid as well as being provided by basic information on hygiene promotion, health and nutrition during the awareness sessions. Their role is very important to ensure that the children have access to their basic needs. The caretakers should also take turn to visit their peers’ families and monitor their condition and interview the children and their neighbours as well as report their findings on their regular meeting.
Project Officers should analyse the reports from community and caretakers team and use these as part of monthly narrative report to the donor to prove that the project is working and being monitored closely by the community.

There should be some set of indicator (criteria) to measure the project. There are:
  • Short-term (few months) indicators. Example of indicator
    • Increase number of school attendance, decrease of dropout student, increase number of children back to school
    • Increase participation of youth and women in community in all level and sector (measure through number of women and youth involve in the program, number of group involve and commit with the program, number of youth and women
  • Middle-term (6 months until 18 months) indicator. Example of indicator
    • Change of perception from community on youth (measure by some survey in the beginning and end of program through FGD or key informant interview etc)
    • Decrease of criminal incident in community
    • Increasing awareness and knowledge in youth on risk behaviour (ex: sexual and reproductive health, substance abuse, violence and criminal behaviour, gender based and sexual violence)
  • Long term indicators (more than 18 months). Example of indicators
    • Increasing access for youth and women in community (ex: access to education, access for health, access for basic human security needs)
    • Community involvement in child protection activities in their community (ex: committee for children protection in community, safe community for children).