Assessments on Child Protection
Indonesia Group 9
(Martina, Yogo, Priyono)

1. Background

A recent natural emergency in X has led to the displacement of approximately 200,000 individuals from their villages. These individuals are now living in approximately 150 temporary UN‐run camps in town and a few nearby villages. After three weeks it’s important to start assessing the condition of children, especially in the aspect of protection issues as part of a humanitarian and recovery response.

2. Objective of the Study

  • To conduct assessment that focus on the condition of targeted beneficiaries (children), especially in the aspect of protection.
  • To identify parties that relevant to CP issues (roles & responsibilities).

3. Location

The assessment will be conducted in UN‐run camps in town and villages where the community of X stayed.

4. Methods

4.1. Design of the Study
Unit of measurement of this assessment would be district (so we would get an overall description of the condition of children form district X).

This study will employ both quantitative and qualitative method. The quantitative survey is used to capture information about current status of the children. Qualitative data collection methods will consist of participatory ranking methods (PRM) and key informants interviews. PRM will be conducted with parents and also with children, and key informants interview will be conducted with community leaders and local government officials & agencies related to child protection issues: midwives, doctors/nurse, police, social service, etc. Desk review would also be conducted on relevant data and documents.

4.2. Ethical Issue
The way that the researchers interact with respondent is an important step in establishing positive relationships and promoting their involvement. Field research will be conducted after permit has been obtained from local authorities and respondents. In general, confidentiality and anonymity must be explained. It must be made very clear who will have access to the data, what will happen to the data when the research is complete and purpose of the study. Since this study will also involve children as a respondent, there are some aspects that must consider by researcher:
  • Parental or teacher consent is required.
  • Information presented to the child and parent, should explain: what will happen; what will be asked; that the child can agree – or disagree to take part – without adverse consequences; and may withdraw at any time; and be given in clear language at a level that the child can understand, using visual aids if necessary.
  • It is essential that the child has full information about the research in order to give their ‘informed consent’ to take part, and that consent is ‘freely volunteered’.
  • The child should also know that ‘s/he can withdraw at any time’.

4.3. Participants of the Assessments
1. Children
  • 6 – 12 years old (middle childhood)
  • 13 – 18 years old (early adolescence)
2. Parents
3. School Teachers
4. Community leaders
5. Local government
§ District Education officer
§ District Social Welfare officer
§ Health practitioner in local health post facility
§ Police

4.4. Sampling Design
For quantitative survey, samples are drawn from population and divided by (1) Gender, (2) Age, and (3) Area. Total population (from TOR): 200.000; estimated children population is 30% and adult is 70%.

Respondents for qualitative study are selected purposively in all target groups.

4.5. Data Quality Assurance
For quantitative survey, data quality assurance will be held through:
  • Develop primary and secondary list of respondent of children being assessed. Secondary list consisted of reserve respondents, used when respondents in the primary list could not be reached under some circumstances such as unavailability (sick, or out of place during data collection period), name duplication, and false data.
  • Conducted random spot-checks about 10% from total respondent by visiting respondents who had been interviewed by enumerators.

In qualitative study, role of the researcher is important for enhancing quality of the data checking out the consistency of finding generated by different data collection or triangulations process will be held through:
  • Validating information obtained through interview and observations by Cross-checking program documents and other written evidence.
  • Cross-check interview data with observational data.
  • Comparing the perspective of the people from different point of view: government view, community view, educators, and children.

4.6. Data Analysis
Quantitative data will be analyzed in two types of analysis: descriptive and inferential analysis. Descriptive analysis was conducted to gather information about status of the children. Inferential analysis was also conducted to gather answers about relationship between variables.

Qualitative data will be analyzed using content analysis technique to get more detail and depth information. All data from interviews or FGDs will be taped with the permission from the respondent and verbatim transcription will be done for analysis purpose. These data will be analyzed together with document review, observational data, and the secondary data from field.

5. Research Management

5.1. Team Structure
The team will consist of 1 researcher and 10 enumerators

5.2. Key Activities
1. Preparation
There are 2 main activities on this stage: (1) desk review and (2) preparation meeting to discuss detailed of roles and responsibilities of each party involved during the assessments and technical arrangement for data collection process. This process will take about 2 days.
2. Enumerator Training
Three-day training will be conducted for enumerators to ensure the quality of data collected. Topics proposed: (1) assessment methodology, (2) interview and PRM technique, (3) child protection issues.
3. Data Collection
Researcher will directly conduct data collection for key informants’ interview and supervise data collection for children quantitative survey. Enumerators will conduct the surveys and PRM. Data collection will take 5 working days.
4. Data Analysis
Researcher will conduct data cleaning, entry, coding and analysis from the available data. Enumerators could also help with data entry and coding. This will take about 3 working days.
5. Report
Researcher will write a narrative report based on results of data analysis. This process will take about 2 days.

Total working day for the assessment = 15 days.