USA Group 7 - Case Study 3
With your livelihoods mandate from the community and the donor, what steps will you take to ensure better outcomes for the children in this community?
1. Analysis: A situational analysis will be done to assess what other NGO and/or government organizations are in the area and could be possible collaborators. Additionally, a market analysis will be conducted to evaluate how the economic resources of PK (timber, mineral and agriculture) can be supported to increase economic growth and job opportunity for the area. The analysis will also evaluate the broader market need in order to assess economic opportunities for smaller entrepreneurs/small businesses. In addition to assessing the market needs, the analysis will evaluate the skills and resources of the community in order to ensure that the livelihood activities are matched not only with the market needs but also with the capacity, context and culture of the people in PK. Once this data has been collected our organization will focus on looking at specific areas that we feel we can address and would benefit the whole community.
2. Broad-based approach: In this scenario, because the returnees are discriminated against our organization will take a broad approach in supporting economic activity in PK so as not to increase hostility between community members and returnees. To ensure that we are not unintentionally discriminating against certain groups there will be monitoring tools put into place to evaluate if returnees or community members are being excluded from programs/employment.
3. Participatory approach: In the project design phase we will enage the people in the community, including the youth. The community members will not only provide us with helpful insights, but this participatory approach will also serve to empower the community/youth and create a sense of ownership. This is especially important given that other NGOs have had difficulties in attracting young girls to their programs. By including those girls in the development of the programs, their feeling of ownership as well as their motivation to participate will hopefully increase.

What specific approaches will you take to address the needs of the various groups?
1. Security and Protection from GBV: Due to the highly gendered-stratified society and increased pressure for females to financially provide for their families special measures must be taken to ensure their security. Staff will work closely with girls and women to identify the areas that are in need of attention to ensure their protection from GBV. Once these programs have been designed efforts will be made to include boys, including the leaders among them, to advocate for ending GBV, as studies show that boys often are strong advocates for gender equality once they have become aware of GBV issues. Improved opportunities for income generation (see below) among both women and men will also serve to reduce GBV issues, as financially empowered women can more easily avoid sexual exploitation and as less frustration among men will reduce sexual violence.
2. Livelihood Training: Market driven skills training will be provided to both men and women, in order to enhance economic opportunities, reduce GBV and enhance protection and security of the children. Given that the economy is weak and that many workers are idle, only some focus will be given to enhance the skills relevant to the timber and mineral sectors while more attention will be given to developing agricultural skills as there is currently a gap between farmland resources and agricultural skills. In addition, vocational training will be provided based on the results from the market analysis that provide an indication of the market needs beyond the three primary sectors of PK. This vocational training will be combined with education in entrepreneurship, which will include skills training in basic business management and financial literacy. Since education in entrepreneurship need to take a holistic approach in order to be successful, the program will also provide access to financial capital by setting up micro-credit and saving schemes.
3. Education: Additionally, special measures will be taken that promote the education of girls. Specifically, sanitary supplies and separate toilets will be provided for all schools educating girls. In addition to a focus on girl’s education the organization will provide flexible class schedules and childcare to accommodate parenting and working children. Conditional cash transfers will also be set-up to encourage families to keep and/or enroll their child in school.

What actors will you work with to ensure success?
Considering that nearly half of the population is made up of young people, we will work in a participatory manner with youth to develop meaningful and effective livelihood interventions. The opinions and support of parents will also be essential in developing and maintaining the success of the program. Furthermore, we will collaborate with local NGO and government bodies to create sustainable and supported programs at a local and national level. We will also consider establishing partnerships with the other INGOs if we feel that we can leverage upon and complement each other’s capacities and expertise and provided that we share the same vision of the expected outcomes of the programs/interventions.

How will you prove that your projects are working?
In order to prove that our projects are working, we will conduct a baseline study during the assessment/analysis phase. Robust outcome and impact measures will then be developed to measure the success of the livelihood programs after implementation by comparing the results to the baseline study. We will measure the individual outcomes of the participants in our programs as well as the impact the programs had on the larger community. The measures taken will focus on economic, educational and health indicators to evaluate if the programs provide positive gains on a micro and macro level to improve child wellbeing. Individual indicators will include number of teen pregnancies, nutritional status and the average income per household.