Case Study III: Verfication

1. When and where should verification be carried out?

Verification should be carried out once the relatives of the separated and unaccompanied child are identified and found. The verification could be done both in the camp (before returning to the village) or other designated areas (such as designated children center, temporary care centers, etc).

2. How should verification be carried out?

The verification should be carried out by:
- Checking identity of the adult who claims to be the child's relative.
- Adult confirms willingness to take care of the children
- Claim information is checked
- Information is checked and confirmed with the child
- Child confirms desires to be cared by the relative identified

In this case, verification should be carried out to verify Jean Claude’s aunt.
In addition to verifying physical data or photograph, verification could also be done by asking personal or specific questions or specific events in their life. An example given in this case: Jean Claude sang his little brother's favorite song in order to be recognized by him.

3. What are some of the issues that might arise from verification which will require further action?

Issues that might arise from verification, which will require further action are:
- The physical condition of the aunt who was very sick.
We are concern with the aunt's ability to take care of Jean Claude and his brothers and sisters. What will happen if her condition is worsened? Do we know what kind of illness she may have? Would the illness negatively affect the children health? Is it highly contagious?
- The financial condition of the aunt.
Most likely if she is very sick, she is limited in her ability to generate any income. Is she financially capable to care for herself and the children?
- The condition of the aunt's house, is it livable and is it suitable for the growth and development of the children? The aunt is very sick, and because of it, the living environment might be unhealthy. How about the sanitation?

Further actions are required to overcome this situation so that we can prevent secondary separation for Jean Claude's family.
Below is our recommended actions:
1. Assess the possibility of community's involvement to support Jean Claude's aunt in caring for the children given the above situation.
2. Assess any government or non-government short term and long term program that can support/assist the aunt in caring for the children.
3. Conduct regular home visits to monitor the health condition of the aunt while assessing her ability to care for the children as well as assessing the children physical and psychosocial development. Assess any sign of abuse.
4. Work with local community/government/NGos to provide medical care for the aunt and the children
5.Regularly monitor the continuation of the children education. In many cases, the children end up working to support themselves and their parents/relatives instead of the other way around (child labor).