Livelihood and Child Protection Program

A. Background Information
  • Papua Koala – Population 40.000, including 10.00 recent returnees from exile because of civil war.
  • Potential resources: rich in timber, many farmlands.
  • Problems areas:
    1. Infrastructure deteriorates, wage jobs are scarce, and economy is weak, many people unemployed because they don’t have necessary skills to work.
    2. Women: high gender based violence, breadwinner of the family, poor education and school attendance.
    3. Youth and adolescent: half the PK population; mostly dropped-out, economically active: helping parents with home industry, selling goods at market or traffic light, hauling sands, clearing lands for farmers, domestic servants. High teen pregnancy and gang lives.

B. Program Objectives
  • Develop a livelihood program targeting adults which later will impact to child protection.
  • Recognizing the youth’s contribution to household economy and build the capacity of youth in order for them to have better and more sustainable jobs.

C. Potential Activities
  • Cash for Work – Cash-for-Work is a short-term intervention used by humanitarian assistance organizations to provide temporary employment in public projects (such as repairing roads, clearing debris or re-building infrastructure) to the most vulnerable segments of a population. The methodology is relatively new, but its use has become increasingly common in food insecure, disaster-affected or post-conflict environments (Guide to Cash for Work Programming, Mercy Corps – 2007). There is lots of damaged infrastructure in PK that is needed to be fixed after the conflict, ruins to be cleaned, etc. Cash for work is suitable as an entry point for long term program. It doesn’t need much skills and it gave people a sense of control over their lives, that they could do something and get paid. The money they earn would be helpful to buy enough food and provide a living for their family, and in the end, their children. CFW also help stimulates local economy in PK while also rehabilitating local / community assets. The types of work could also encourage the participation of both men and women and other marginalized group (such as youth) in the area.
  • Skills Training – PK has many farmlands but many youth and adult work were not able to get a job more than as a land clearer for farmers because of their lack of skills. The provision of vocational training programs, in this case training in faming, would enhanced the capacity of PK citizens in farming and provide better chance to work in the agriculture sector. Capacity building activity like this would benefit the community in the long run.
  • Education (including sex education) especially for women and youth.
  • Stop juvenile delinquency with sport and art activities – building recreational center with the cash for work program.

D. Actors involved:
  1. Local Government
  2. Returnees and society.
  3. Private sector, especially in mining and agricultural industries.
  4. Head of Tribe

E. Strategy
  1. Increase the social capital among the returnees for social participation to build the social trust between society and returnees.
  2. Monitoring and evaluating the implemented programs.