RECRUITMENT INTO THE GOVERNMENT FORCES
RECRUITMENT INTO CIVIL DEFENSE FORCES
RECRUITMENT OF CHILDREN INTO REBEL FORCES
Similarities
Recruitment into the military and civil defense forces was not forceful.
Children were forced to join the rebel forces
Parents and communities were not aware of the psychological and social impact of child militarization.
Rebels abducted unaccompanied children, children from
female-headed households, orphans and children from vulnerable families.
Differences
Factors that persuaded many children to join the
government militia include:
- security, protection, food , stimulation and adventure provided by membership in government militia
- the wish to follow relatives and friends to the war front
- the will to fight for their country
- revenge and avenge for lost ones.
The use of traditional and religious symbol persuaded children to join Kamajors.
Impact on children in terms of future development
- Parents and communities perceive recruitment of children into the fighting forces as a normal practice
- Children themselves see membership in fighting forces as a way to make a fortune and improve the quality of their lives.
Unaccompanied children, children from
female-headed households, orphans and children from vulnerable families were vulnerable to be abducted by the rebel forces.
Understanding of the local situation
The case studies portray the cultural and social contexts shape the recruitment of children into fighting forces.