Case study (Assigment 4): Child Soldiers
(by Michael, Dessy, Ajeng, Daus, Ida)
Case study one: Recruiment of children in the context of Siera Leone conflict
Issue
Scenario-1:
Recruitment of children into the government forces
Scenario-2:
Recruitment of children into civil defense forces
Scenario-3:
Recruitment of children into rebel forces

The way of recruitment
“Joined-voluntarily” :
“Joined-voluntarily”:
“non-voluntarily”:
Purpose of recruitment
To increase number of geovernment’s soldiers
To increase number of cilvil’s soldiers
To increase number of rebellions/rebel soldiers
Root causes
Lack number of military personnel, not enough budget for military expenditure, and the quota system that applied in the military system
Belief on traditional cults and religion
Marginalised children (social and economicaly)
Background of Children
Girls and boys
Security, protection and food; stimulation and adventure, simply followed relatives and friends to the war front, fight for the country and revenge and avenge for the lost ones.
Boys/male children
Children and families who are attracted by myth of magical powers
Boys and girls
Unaccompanied children; children from female-headed household; orphans and children from vulnerable familes
The role of child soldiers
- Soldiers, porters, fighters
- Boys have imagined theirself as a ‘hero’
- Girls have “no role model”
- Soldiers, porters and fighters
- Boys have imagined theirself as a ‘hero’
- Soldiers porters, fighters and bush wives (for girls)
- Boys have imagined theirself as a ‘hero’
- Girls have “no role model”
Impact
Psycho-social impact:
Girls is more difficult than boys related to the public respectation. Boys who are survived will be got respecfull than girls.
Separated children/families
Psycho-social impact.
Boys who are survived will be got respecfull.
Psycho-social impact:
Girls is more difficult than boys related to the public respectation. Boys who are survived will be got respecfull than girls, even it wil be
Especially for girls, they are fear of stigmatization as some of them have role as “bush wives”
Others
Was seen as normal practice
Since the army has “a good image” being an army is perceived as a chance to make a fortune and improve the quality of children’s lives
Was considerate as a custom for some families to send their children to be the civil defense force

The children who joined voluntarily might have “less” impact than children who were forced to joint.
These case studies have provided better understanding of the biggest problem faced by the Sierra Leone. The conflict was very horrific and large, the impact of the conflict was also outsized. These case studies had described that children and youth voluntary and involuntary participated in the conflict due to many reasons but mainly reason was the promises of financial gain.